Pine/Whitewood: Home centers carry pine boards in a variety of standard sizes, and in a couple of "grades." "Common" boards have more defects, such as knots, and sell at a lower price. "Select" pine boards have fewer defects and cost more. Some home centers also carry "whitewood" boards, which look like pine but may be any combination of pine, spruce, fir, or several other species that have a similar appearance.
|furniture, home projects, shelving, etc. ||low cost, reasonably strong, accepts paint or stain, multiple grades available ||less stable, not as strong as hardwoods, challenging to stain |
|Oak is a classic American hardwood that is commonly used for building furniture, as well as for creating trim and molding in homes. Oaks has a distinctive grain pattern and a light- to golden-brown color. It can be coated with a clear finish or stained to achieve the look of your desire. ||furniture, trim, molding, cabinets, home projects ||attractive, strong, can be stained and finished to a high luster || |
cost, limited selection in home centers
|Maple is a favorite of furniture makers and is also used in cabinetry. This wood has a white to light yellow color and subdued grain. Maple is hard and dense, which can make it challenging to work with. When finished or stained, maple has a beautiful appearance. ||furniture, cabinets, home projects ||attractive, strong, can be stained and finished to a high luster ||cost, limited selection in home centers |
|Poplar is a common choice for creating painted trim and molding in homes and is also great for building projects. It doesn't have beauty of oak or maple, but has more density and stability than softwoods, such as pine. Plus, poplar can be stained to mimic the look of costly and less-common hardwoods like cherry, walnut, and mahogany. Poplar is also the easiest to work with of common hardwoods. ||furniture, trim, molding, cabinets, home projects ||strong, lower cost than other hardwoods, takes paint well, can be stained ||limited selection in home centers |